Kamis, 24 Maret 2011 di 02.14 |  


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A Coca-Cola advertisement from the 1890s
Marketing
Key concepts
Product • Pricing
Distribution • Service • Retail
Brand management
Account-based marketing
Marketing ethics
Marketing effectiveness
Market research
Market segmentation
Marketing strategy
Marketing management
Market dominance
Promotional content
Advertising • Branding • Underwriting
Direct marketing • Personal Sales
Product placement • Publicity
Sales promotion • Sex in advertising
Loyalty marketing • Premiums • Prizes
Promotional media
Printing • Publication
Broadcasting • Out-of-home
Internet marketing • Point of sale
Promotional merchandise
Digital marketing • In-game
In-store demonstration
Word-of-mouth marketing
Brand Ambassador • Drip Marketing
This box: view · talk · edit
Advertising is a form of communication intended to persuade an audience (viewers, readers or listeners) to purchase or take some action upon products, ideas, or services. It includes the name of a product or service and how that product or service could benefit the consumer, to persuade a target market to purchase or to consume that particular brand. These messages are usually paid for by sponsors and viewed via various media. Advertising can also serve to communicate an idea to a large number of people in an attempt to convince them to take a certain action.
Commercial advertisers often seek to generate increased consumption of their products or services through branding, which involves the repetition of an image or product name in an effort to associate related qualities with the brand in the minds of consumers. Non-commercial advertisers who spend money to advertise items other than a consumer product or service include political parties, interest groups, religious organizations and governmental agencies. Nonprofit organizations may rely on free modes of persuasion, such as a public service announcement.
Modern advertising developed with the rise of mass production in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Mass media can be defined as any media meant to reach a mass amount of people. Different types of media can be used to deliver these messages, including traditional media such as newspapers, magazines, television, radio, outdoor or direct mail; or new media such as websites and text messages.
In 2010, spending on advertising was estimated at more than $300 billion in the United States[1] and $500 billion worldwide[citation needed].

Internationally, the largest ("big four") advertising conglomerates are Interpublic, Omnicom, Publicis, and WPP. Popular definitions of the term Advertisement-- 1.The non-personal communication of information usually paid for & usually persuasive in nature, about products (goods & services) or ideas by identified sponsor through varioous media.(Arenes (1996) 2.Any paid form of non-personal communication about an organisation, product ,service, or idea from an identified sponsor.( Blech & Blech (1998) 3.Paid non -personal communication from an identified sponsor using mass media to persuade influence an audience. (Wells , burnett, & Moriaty (1998) 4. The element of the marketing communication mix that is non personal paid for an identified sponsor, & disseminated through mass channels of communication to promote the adoption of oods, services, person or ideas.( bearden, Ingram, & Laforge (1998) 5.An informative or persuasive message carried by a non personal medium & paid for by an identified sponsor whose organisation or product is identified in some way. ( Zikmund & d'amico (1999) 6. Impersonal , one way communication about a product or organisation that is paid by marketer. ( Lamb, Hair & Mc. Daniel (2000)
Diposkan oleh my blog Label:

0 komentar:

Visit the Site
MARVEL and SPIDER-MAN: TM & 2007 Marvel Characters, Inc. Motion Picture © 2007 Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2007 Sony Pictures Digital Inc. All rights reserved. blogger template by blog forum.